Experimental Results for Labyrinth Gas Seals With Honeycomb Stators: Comparisons to Smooth-Stator Seals and Theoretical Predictions
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Experimental measurements are presented for the rotordynamic stiffness and damping coefficients of a teeth-on-rotor labyrinth seal with a honeycomb stator. Inlet circumferential velocity, inlet pressure, rotor speed, and seal clearance are primary variables. Results are compared to (a) data for teeth-on-rotor labyrinth seals with smooth stators, and (b) analytical predictions from a two-control-volume compressible flow model. The experimental results show that the honeycomb-stator configuration is more stable than the smooth-stator configuration at low rotor speeds. At high rotor speeds, the stator surface does not affect stability. The theoretical model predicts the cross-coupled stiffness of the honeycomb-stator seal correctly within 25 percent of measured values. The model provides accurate predictions of direct damping for large clearance seals; however, the model predictions and test results diverge with increasing running speed. Overall, the model does not perform as well for low clearance seals as for high clearance seals. © 1989 by ASME.
author list (cited authors)
Hawkins, L., Childs, D., & Hale, K.