A Comparison of Rotordynamic-Coefficient Predictions for Annular Honeycomb Gas Seals Using Three Different Friction-Factor Models
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A two-control-volume bulk-flow model is used to predict rotordynamic coefficients for an annular, honeycomb-stator/smooth-rotor gas seal. The bulk-flow model uses Hirs' turbulent-lubrication model, which requires a friction factor model to define the shear stresses at the rotor and stator wall. Rotordynamic coefficients predictions are compared for the following three variations of the Blasius pipe-friction model: (i) a basic model where the Reynolds number is a linear function of the local clearance, fs=ns Rems (ii) a model where the coefficient is a function of the local clearance, and (iii) a model where both the coefficient and exponent are function of the local clearance. The latter models are based on data that shows the friction factor increasing with increasing clearances. Rotordynamic-coefficient predictions shows that the friction-factor-model choice is important in predicting the effective-damping coefficients at a lower frequency range (60∼70 Hz) where industrial centrifugal compressors and steam turbines tend to become unstable. At a higher frequency range, irrespective of the friction-factor model, the rotordynamic-coefficient predictions tend to coincide. Blasius-based Models which directly account for the observed increase in stator friction factors with increasing clearance predict significantly lower values for the destabilizing cross-coupled stiffness coefficients.
author list (cited authors)
D’Souza, R. J., & Childs, D. W.