An extended three-control-volume theory for circumferentially-grooved liquid seals Academic Article uri icon


  • Circumferentially-grooved seals are used in centrifugal pumps to reduce leakage flow. They can also have a significant impact on pump rotordynamic characteristics. Florjancic (1990) developed an analysis for leakage and rotordynamic coefficients, using a partition of the seal into three control volumes. This paper presents a new theory, based on an extension of Florjancics work (1990) for circumferentially-grooved liquid seals. The current theory differs from Florjancics analysis in the retention of transfer momentum terms and the introduction of diverging flow in the through-flow section within a seal groove. Validation of the new analysis is achieved through a comparison with existing experimental data taken from Kilgore (1988), and Florjancic (1990). Theoretical results are reasonable and consistent; i.e., a modification in the seal parameters induces a correct evolution of the rotordynamic coefficients. Direct and cross-coupled stiffness coefficients are slightly underpredicted, whereas the direct damping coefficient is underpredicted within 40 percent. Leakage flow predictions are very good.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Marquette, O. R., & Childs, D. W.

citation count

  • 31

complete list of authors

  • Marquette, OR||Childs, DW

publication date

  • April 1996