Modulation of Tetrachloroethylene-Associated Kidney Effects by Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver or Steatohepatitis in Male C57BL/6J Mice Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Accounting for genetic and other (eg, underlying disease states) factors that may lead to inter-individual variability in susceptibility to xenobiotic-induced injury is a challenge in human health assessments. A previous study demonstrated that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), one of the common underlying disease states, enhances tetrachloroethylene (PERC)-associated hepatotoxicity in mice. Interestingly, NAFLD resulted in a decrease in metabolism of PERC to nephrotoxic glutathione conjugates; we therefore hypothesized that NAFLD would protect against PERC-associated nephrotoxicity. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a low-fat (LFD), high-fat (31% fat, HFD), or high-fat methionine/choline/folate-deficient (31% fat, MCD) diets. After 8 weeks mice were administered either a single dose of PERC (300 mg/kg i.g.) and euthanized at 1-36 h post dose, or five daily doses of PERC (300 mg/kg/d i.g.) and euthanized 4 h after last dose. Relative to LFD-fed mice, HFD- or MCD-fed mice exhibited decreased PERC concentrations and increased trichloroacetate (TCA) in kidneys. S-(1,2,2-trichlorovinyl)glutathione (TCVG), S-(1,2,2-trichlorovinyl)-l-cysteine (TCVC), and N-acetyl-S-(1,2,2,-trichlorovinyl)-l-cysteine (NAcTCVC) were also significantly lower in kidney and urine of HFD- or MCD-fed mice compared with LFD-fed mice. Despite differences in levels of nephrotoxic PERC metabolites in kidney, LFD- and MCD-fed mice demonstrated similar degree of nephrotoxicity. However, HFD-fed mice were less sensitive to PERC-induced nephrotoxicity. Thus, whereas both MCD- and HFD-induced fatty liver reduced the delivered dose of nephrotoxic PERC metabolites to the kidney, only HFD was protective against PERC-induced nephrotoxicity, possibly due to greater toxicodynamic sensitivity induced by methyl and choline deficiency. These results therefore demonstrate that pre-existing disease conditions can lead to a complex interplay of toxicokinetic and toxicodynamic changes that modulate susceptibility to the toxicity of xenobiotics.

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Cichocki, J. A., Luo, Y., Furuya, S., Venkatratnam, A., Konganti, K., Chiu, W. A., ... Rusyn, I.

citation count

  • 4

publication date

  • September 2018