Two-Way Immersion Bilingual Programs in Texas Academic Article uri icon


  • This article summarizes the results from the first statewide study of two-way immersion (TWI) programs for English language learners. The survey was conducted electronically with 304 Texas bilingual/English as a Second Language directors in districts that serve English language learners. Data are reported for the following research question: What information can be identified about TWI programs in Texas, specifically: (a) number of districts reporting TWI programs, (b) program types, (c) grade levels served, (d) number of classrooms at each grade level, (e) languages of instruction, (f) distribution of native Spanish and native English speakers, (g) TWI program by regional educational service center, and (h) years of implementation? This article concludes with implications for further research related to TWI programs in Texas and the United States. 2004 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

published proceedings

  • Bilingual Research Journal

author list (cited authors)

  • Lara-Alecio, R., Galloway, M., Irby, B. J., Rodrguez, L., & Gmez, L.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Lara-Alecio, Rafael||Galloway, Martha||Irby, Beverly J||Rodríguez, Linda||Gómez, Leo

publication date

  • January 2004