Expressions and regulation of endothelial and inducible nitric oxide synthases in mouse uterus during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy. Academic Article uri icon


  • Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in many cellular processes. We examined the temporal and spatial expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in mouse uteri during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy, as well as the regulation of eNOS and iNOS by estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) in ovariectomized mouse uteri using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Our results showed that positive eNOS and iNOS signals were localized in the uterine luminal epithelium and glandular epithelium during the estrous cycle. In ovariectomized mice, both E2 and P4 regulated the expression of eNOS and iNOS. During early pregnancy, eNOS and iNOS were detected not only in epithelium, but also in the primary decidual zone surrounding implanting embryos on day 6 of pregnancy, and in the whole decidualized stroma on day 7 of pregnancy. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that two NOS isoforms were localized in mouse uteri in specific temporal and spatial patterns during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy, and ovarian hormones can regulate their expression. Furthermore, the data suggest that the expression of NOS during the peri-implantation period might lead to enhance NO production, which could promote embryo implantation.

published proceedings

  • Front Biosci

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, X., Lin, H. Y., Liu, G. Y., Wang, H. M., Li, Q. L., & Zhu, C.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, X||Lin, HY||Liu, GY||Wang, HM||Li, QL||Zhu, Cheng

publication date

  • September 2005