Giving money to get money: How CEO stock options and CEO equity enhance IPO valuations Academic Article uri icon


  • Recent research has suggested that stock options and equity ownership have different motivational implications for executive risk taking. We examined investors' reactions to the differing incentive properties of stock options and equity ownership in the context of firms undertaking initial public offerings (IPOs). We found that stock options and equity ownership interacted to influence the premiums that investors applied to IPO firms. We suggest that the effectiveness of CEO stock options may depend on the level of CEO equity.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Certo, S. T., Daily, C. M., Cannella, A. A., & Dalton, D. R.

citation count

  • 79

complete list of authors

  • Certo, ST||Daily, CM||Cannella, AA||Dalton, DR

publication date

  • October 2003