The Effects of an Instructional Intervention on Dual Language Development Among First-Grade Hispanic English-Learning Boys and Girls: A Two-Year Longitudinal Study Academic Article uri icon


  • In this article, we explore oral and reading development in Spanish and English for a sample of 70 first grade Hispanic English-learning boys and girls receiving a longitudinal English intervention and a comparison group of 70 boys and girls. Students were assessed at the outset of kindergarten and first grade, and the exit of first grade. Results showed that, on average, treatment students scored significantly better in dual oracy and Spanish literacy than control students. Girls demonstrated a faster rate in dual reading comprehension than did their boy counterparts. When the effects of treatment and gender were jointly examined, it is apparent that the treatment effect contributed to a larger proportion of variance compared to gender. Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Tong, F., Lara-Alecio, R., Irby, B. J., & Mathes, P. G.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Tong, Fuhui||Lara-Alecio, Rafael||Irby, Beverly J||Mathes, Patricia G

publication date

  • January 2011