Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Phase Transformations and Anelastic Relaxation in Stabilized Zirconias Academic Article uri icon


  • 2014 The Electrochemical Society. Elastic properties of polycrystalline stabilized zirconias, namely Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) and Scandia, Ceria Stabilized Zirconia (SCSZ), were studied by Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer (DMA) in air. Changes of storage modulus E , loss modulus E and mechanical damping (tan) with temperature were simultaneously monitored at various frequencies. In 8 mol% (8YSZ) and 10 mol% (10YSZ) Yttria Stabilized Zirconia, a drop in storage modulus of 37% was observed in the 30C to 400C temperature range, together with two frequency dependent damping peaks. While the first tan peak can be attributed to the anelastic relaxation of (Y' Zr VO)xelastic (and dielectric) dipoles, the second one is probably the result of local ordering of oxygen vacancies and/or relaxation of (2Y'Zr VO)x dipoles. For cubic SCSZ, four damping peakswere observed in the similar temperature regime accompanied by significant nonlinear drop of the storage modulus. The first tan is attributed to anealstic relaxation of (Sc'Zr VO). It was also found that stress induced phase transformation from cubic to rhombohedral structure is the reason for the frequency dependent third peak in the tan spectra while the fourth frequency independent peak was found to be the result of the phase transformation from rhombohedral to cubic structure.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Gao, P., Lara-Curzio, E., Trejo, R., & Radovic, M.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Gao, Peipei||Lara-Curzio, Edgar||Trejo, Rosa||Radovic, Miladin

publication date

  • January 2015