Ligand structure-dependent activation of estrogen receptor alpha/Sp by estrogens and xenoestrogens. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This study investigated the effects of E2, diethylstilbestrol (DES), antiestrogens, the phytoestrogen resveratrol, and the xenoestrogens octylphenol (OP), nonylphenol (NP), endosulfan, kepone, 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorobiphenyl-4-ol (HO-PCB-Cl(4)), bisphenol-A (BPA), and 2,2-bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (HPTE) on induction of luciferase activity in breast cancer cells transfected with a construct (pSp1(3)) containing three tandem GC-rich Sp binding sites linked to luciferase and wild-type or variant ERalpha. The results showed that induction of luciferase activity was highly structure-dependent in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Moreover, RNA interference assays using small inhibitory RNAs for Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 also demonstrated structure-dependent differences in activation of ERalpha/Sp1, ERalpha/Sp3 and ERalpha/Sp4. These results demonstrate for the first time that various structural classes of ER ligands differentially activate wild-type and variant ERalpha/Sp-dependent transactivation, selectively use different Sp proteins, and exhibit selective ER modulator (SERM)-like activity.

published proceedings

  • J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, F., Khan, S., Wu, Q., Barhoumi, R., Burghardt, R., & Safe, S.

citation count

  • 29

complete list of authors

  • Wu, Fei||Khan, Shaheen||Wu, Qian||Barhoumi, Rola||Burghardt, Robert||Safe, Stephen

publication date

  • May 2008