Transcriptional activation of deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase alpha gene expression in MCF-7 cells by 17 beta-estradiol.
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Treatment of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells with 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) results in increased DNA synthesis and cell proliferation and enhanced enzyme activities associated with purine/pyrimidine biosynthesis. The mechanism of enhanced DNA polymerase alpha activity was investigated by analysis of the promoter region of this gene. E(2) induced luciferase (reporter gene) activity in MCF-7 cells transfected with pDNAP1, pDNAP2, and pDNAP3 containing -1515 to +45, -248 to +45 and -116 to +45 inserts from the DNA polymerase alpha gene promoter, whereas no induction was observed with pDNAP4 (-65 to +45 insert). The induction response was dependent on cotransfection with estrogen receptor alpha (ER(alpha)), and transactivation was also observed with a mutant ER(alpha) that did not express the DNA-binding domain. Subsequent functional, DNA binding, and DNA footprinting studies showed that a GC-rich region at -106 to -100 was required for E(2)-mediated transactivation, and Sp1 protein, but not ER(alpha), bound this sequence. Transcriptional activation of DNA polymerase alpha by E(2) is associated with ER(alpha)/Sp1 action at a proximal GC-rich promoter sequence, and this gene is among a growing list of E(2)-responsive genes that are induced via ER(alpha)/Sp1 protein interactions that do not require direct binding of the hormone receptor to DNA.
author list (cited authors)
Samudio, I., Vyhlidal, C., Wang, F., Stoner, M., Chen, I., Kladde, M., ... Safe, S.
complete list of authors
Samudio, I||Vyhlidal, C||Wang, F||Stoner, M||Chen, I||Kladde, M||Barhoumi, R||Burghardt, R||Safe, S