3',4'-dimethoxyflavone as an aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonist in human breast cancer cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • Treatment of MCF-7 and T47D human breast cancer cells with 3', 4'-dimethoxyflavone (3',4'-DMF) alone did not induce CYP1A1-dependent ethoxyresorufin O:-deethylase (EROD) activity or reporter gene activity in cells transfected with an aryl hydrocarbon (Ah)-responsive construct (pRNH11c). In contrast, 1 nM 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induced up to a 50- to 80-fold increase in EROD and reporter gene activity in MCF-7 and T47D cells. In cells cotreated with 1 nM TCDD plus 0.1-10 microM 3',4'-DMF, there was a concentration-dependent decrease in the TCDD-induced responses, with 100% inhibition observed at the 10 microM concentration. Gel mobility shift assays using rat liver cytosol and breast cancer cell nuclear extracts showed that 3',4'-DMF alone did not transform the AhR to its nuclear binding form, but inhibited TCDD-induced AhR transformation in rat liver cytosol and blocked TCDD-induced formation of the nuclear AhR complex in MCF-7 and T47D cells. TCDD also inhibited estrogen-induced transactivation in MCF-7 cells, and this response was also blocked by 3',4'-DMF, confirming the AhR antagonist activity of this compound in breast cancer cells.

published proceedings

  • Toxicol Sci

altmetric score

  • 12

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, J. E., & Safe, S.

citation count

  • 61

complete list of authors

  • Lee, JE||Safe, S

publication date

  • December 2000