Properties of 3-deoxyanthocyanins from sorghum. Academic Article uri icon


  • There is increasing interest in natural food colorants with functional properties. Anthocyanins from black, brown (containing tannins), and red sorghums were characterized by spectrophotometric and HPLC techniques. The antioxidant activity and pH stability of the anthocyanins were also determined. Sorghum brans had 3-4 times higher anthocyanin contents than the whole grains. Black sorghum had the highest anthocyanin content (average = 10.1 mg/g in bran). The brown and red sorghum brans had anthocyanin contents of 2.8-4.3 mg/g. Only 3-deoxyanthocyanidins were detected in sorghum. These compounds are more stable to pH-induced color change than the common anthocyanidins and their glycosides. Additionally, crude sorghum anthocyanin extracts were more stable than the pure 3-deoxyanthocyanidins. The antioxidant properties of the 3-deoxyanthocyanidins were similar to those of the anthocyanins. Pigmented sorghum bran has high levels of unique 3-deoxyanthocyanidins, which are stable to change in pH and have a good potential as natural food pigments.

published proceedings

  • J Agric Food Chem

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Awika, J. M., Rooney, L. W., & Waniska, R. D.

citation count

  • 189

complete list of authors

  • Awika, Joseph M||Rooney, Lloyd W||Waniska, Ralph D

publication date

  • July 2004