A novel multi-DOF precision positioning methodology using two-axis Hall-effect sensors
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A novel sensing methodology using two-axis Hall-effect sensors is proposed, where the absolute positioning of a device atop any magnet matrix is possible. This methodology has the capability of micrometer-order positioning resolution as well as unrestricted translational and rotational range in planar 3-DOF (degree-of-freedom) motions, with potential capability of measuring all 6-DOF motions. This paper presents the methodology and preliminary experimental results of 3-DOF planar motion measurements atop a Halbach magnet matrix using two sets of two-axis Hall-effect sensors. This methodology uses the Gaussian least squares differential correction (GLSDC) algorithm to estimate the relative position and orientation from the Hall-effect sensor measurements. The sensor and its algorithm are implemented to a magnetic levitation (maglev) stage positioned atop a Halbach magnet matrix. Preliminary experimental results show its position resolution capability of less than 10 μm and position accuracy of less than 1.4 mm. Controllers were designed to close the control loop for the translational motion using the GLSDC outputs at a sampling frequency of 800 Hz on a Pentek 4284 digital signal processor (DSP). Calibration was done by comparing the laser interferometers' and the Hall-effect sensors' outputs to improve the positioning accuracy. The results exhibit good repeatability. © 2005 AACC.
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