Development and use of a mathematical model of an engine-driven heat pump
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A model of an engine-driven heat pump has been developed, consisting of two parts, an engine model and a heat pump model. The engine model was developed by the authors and the heat pump model was obtained from a national laboratory. The model was used to calculate the seasonal coefficient of performance (COP) during an average heating season for a typical engine-driven heat pump located in two different climates (Des Moines, Iowa, and Dallas, Texas). The effects of engine size and engine-to-compressor speed ratio on seasonal COP were calculated. The energy costs of operating an engine-driven heat pump and an electric-motor-driven heat pump were compared. Both were modeled as operating in constant-speed (on-off) and variable-speed (load-modulated) modes. Using typical residential gas and electric rates, it was found that variable-speed operation is more economical for electric heat pumps but constant-speed operation could be more economical for gas-engine-driven heat pumps.
author list (cited authors)
Rusk, R. P., Van Gerpen, J. H., Nelson, R. M., & Pate, M. B.