An experimental comparison of evaporation and condensation heat transfer coefficients for HFC-134a and CFC-12 Academic Article uri icon


  • Experimental heat transfer coefficients are reported for HFC-134a and CFC-12 during in-tube single-phase flow, evaporation and condensation. These heat transfer coefficients were measured in a horizontal, smooth tube with an inner diameter of 8.0 mm and a length of 3.67 m. The refrigerant in the test-tube was heated or cooled by using water flowing through an annulus surrounding the tube. Evaporation tests were performed for a refrigerant temperature range of 5-15C with inlet and exit qualities of 10 and 90%, respectively. For condensation tests, the refrigerant temperature ranged from 30 to 50C, with et and exit qualities of 90 and 10%, respectively. The mass flux was varied from 125 to 400 kg m-2 s-1 for all tests. For similar mass fluxes, the evaporation and condensation heat transfer coefficients for HFC-134a were significantly higher than those of CFC-12. Specifically, HFC-134a showed a 35-45% increase over CFC-12 for evaporation and a 25-35% increase over CFC-12 for condensation. 1991.

published proceedings

  • International Journal of Refrigeration

author list (cited authors)

  • Eckels, S. J., & Pate, M. B.

citation count

  • 57

complete list of authors

  • Eckels, SJ||Pate, MB

publication date

  • January 1991