Rotordynamic Characteristics of a 5 Pad, Rocker-Pivot, Tilting Pad Bearing in a Load-on-Pad Configuration: Comparisons to Predictions and Load-Between-Pad Results
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Rotordynamic data are presented for a rocker-pivot tilting-pad bearing in load-on-pad (LOP) configuration for (345-3101 kPa) unit loads and speeds from 4k to 13k rpm. The bearing was direct lubricated through a leading-edge groove with 5 pads, .282 preload, 60% offset, 57.87° pad arc angle, 101.587 mm (3.9995 in) rotor diameter, 0.1575 mm (.0062 in) diametral clearance, and 60.325 mm (2.375 in) pad length. Measured results were reported for this bearing by Carter and Childs in 2008 in the load-between-pad (LBP) configuration. Results for the LOP are compared to predictions from a bulk-flow Navier-Stokes model (as utilized by San Andres in 1991) and to the prior LBP results. Frequency effects on the dynamic-stiffness coefficients were investigated by applying dynamic-force excitation over a range of excitation frequencies. Generally, the direct real parts of the dynamic-stiffness coefficients could be modeled as quadratic functions of the excitation frequency and accounted for by adding a mass matrix to the conventional [K][C] model to produce a frequency-independent [K][C][M] model. Measured added mass terms in the loaded direction approached 60 kg. The static load direction in the tests was y. The direct-stiffness coefficients Kyy and Kxx depend strongly on the applied unit load, more so than speed. They generally increased linearly with load, shifting to a quadratic dependence at higher unit loads. At lower unit loads, Kyy and Kxx increase monotonically with running speed. The experimental results were compared to predictions from a bulk-flow CFD analysis. Stiffness orthotropy was apparent in test results, significantly more than predicted, and it became more pronounced at the heavier unit loads. Measured Kyy values were consistently higher than predicted, and measured Kxx values were lower. Comparing the LOP results to prior measured LBP results for the same bearing, at higher loads, Kyy is significantly larger for the LOP configuration than LBP. Measured values for Kxx are about the same for LOP and LBP. At low unit loads, stiffness orthotropy defined as Kyy / Kxx is the same for LOP and LBP, progressively increasing with increasing unit loads. At the highest unit load, Kyy / Kxx = 2.1 for LOP and 1.7 for LBP. Measured direct damping coefficients Cxx and Cyy were insensitive to changes in either load or speed in contrast to predictions of marked C yy sensitivity for changes in the load. Only at the highest test speed of 13 krpm were the direct damping coefficients adequately predicted. No frequency dependency was observed for the direct damping coefficients. Copyright © 2009 by ASME.
author list (cited authors)
Childs, D. W., & Carter, C. R.