Abstract 098: Augmenting Renal Lymphatic Vessel Density Prevents Salt-sensitive Hypertension in Mice Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Salt-sensitive hypertension (SSHTN) is associated with renal immune cell infiltration and interstitial inflammation. Lymphatic vessels drain the interstitial compartment and traffic immune cells to draining lymph nodes; however little is known about the role of lymphatics and immune cell trafficking in the kidney during SSHTN. Our hypotheses were that renal lymphatic vessel density is increased in mice with SSHTN and that further augmenting renal lymphatic vessels will prevent SSHTN. SSHTN mice were made by administering L-NAME for two weeks, followed by a two week washout, and then were fed a 4% high salt diet for three weeks. Compared to control mice, mice with SSHTN (SBP: 1033 vs. 1362 mmHg; p<0.05) had markedly increased renal lymphatic vessel density. Kidneys of SSHTN mice had significantly increased gene expression of the lymphatic vessel marker Lyve1 , the macrophage marker Adgre1 (F4/80), the Th1 cell marker Tbx21 , and the pro-inflammatory cytokine Il6 while expression of the immune cell-lymphatic chemokine receptor Ccr7 was decreased significantly. Mice solely fed a 4% salt diet for three weeks did not exhibit hypertension or increased renal lymphatic vessel density. To determine whether augmenting renal lymphatic vessels prior to the high salt diet could prevent SSHTN, we used transgenic mice that overexpress the lymphangiogenic signal VEGF-D only in the kidney under the control of doxycycline (KidVD+ mice) and thus exhibit renal lymphangiogenesis. Doxycycline initiated one week prior to the high salt diet prevented SSHTN in KidVD+ mice while having no effect on blood pressure in KidVD- mice (SBP: 1174 vs. 1395 mmHg; p<0.05). Renal gene expression of Tbx21 was decreased in KidVD+ mice while Ccr7 gene expression was increased significantly. These data demonstrate that renal lymphatic vessel density is increased in SSHTN and that augmenting renal lymphatic vessel density prior to a high salt diet can prevent SSHTN by improving renal immune cell exfiltration.

published proceedings

  • Hypertension

author list (cited authors)

  • Balasubbramanian, D., Lopez Gelston, C. A., Abouelkheir, G. R., Lopez, A. H., Hudson, K. R., Johnson, E. R., ... Mitchell, B. M.

complete list of authors

  • Balasubbramanian, Dakshnapriya||Lopez Gelston, Catalina A||Abouelkheir, Gabriella R||Lopez, Alexandra H||Hudson, Kayla R||Johnson, Eric R||Garza, Victoria C||Daboul, Reem A||Rutkowski, Joseph M||Mitchell, Brett M

publication date

  • September 2017