Evaluation of the Cardiometabolic Disorders after Spinal Cord Injury in Mice. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Changes in cardiometabolic functions contribute to increased morbidity and mortality after chronic spinal cord injury. Despite many advancements in discovering SCI-induced pathologies, the cardiometabolic risks and divergences in severity-related responses have yet to be elucidated. Here, we examined the effects of SCI severity on functional recovery and cardiometabolic functions following moderate (50 kdyn) and severe (75 kdyn) contusions in the thoracic-8 (T8) vertebrae in mice using imaging, morphometric, and molecular analyses. Both severities reduced hindlimbs motor functions, body weight (g), and total body fat (%) at all-time points up to 20 weeks post-injury (PI), while only severe SCI reduced the total body lean (%). Severe SCI increased liver echogenicity starting from 12 weeks PI, with an increase in liver fibrosis in both moderate and severe SCI. Severe SCI mice showed a significant reduction in left ventricular internal diameters and LV volume at 20 weeks PI, associated with increased LV ejection fraction as well as cardiac fibrosis. These cardiometabolic dysfunctions were accompanied by changes in the inflammation profile, varying with the severity of the injury, but not in the lipid profile nor cardiac or hepatic tyrosine hydroxylase innervation changes, suggesting that systemic inflammation may be involved in these SCI-induced health complications.

published proceedings

  • Biology (Basel)

altmetric score

  • 1.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Ghnenis, A. B., Jones, C., Sefiani, A., Douthitt, A. J., Reyna, A. J., Rutkowski, J. M., & Geoffroy, C. G.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Ghnenis, Adel B||Jones, Calvin||Sefiani, Arthur||Douthitt, Ashley J||Reyna, Andrea J||Rutkowski, Joseph M||Geoffroy, C├ędric G

publication date

  • March 2022

publisher