Activation of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor fine-tunes age-related decreased vascular activities in the aortae of female and male rats. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Hormone replacement therapy was found to be effective in cardiovascular protection only in younger women, not in older women. In this study, we tested whether G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER) activation improves vascular activities in response to ET-1 and ACh in aging rats. METHODS: Isometric tension study was applied on aortic rings isolated from young adult (5-7months) and reproductive senescent middle-aged (10-12months) female Sprague Dawley rats and age matched males. RESULTS: The aortic contractile response to ET-1 and the relaxation response to ACh were reduced in the female middle-aged rats compared to the female young adult rats. The presence of G-1, the GPER agonist, normalized the reduced vascular activities. Cyclooxygenase inhibitor, meclofenamate, blocked the increased constriction effect of G-1, but further enhanced relaxation effect of G-1. There was no significant difference in aortic reactivity to either ET-1 or ACh between the male middle-aged and young adult rats. The contractile response to ET-1 was not different within the same age of the two sex groups, but there was a remarkable difference in relaxation response to ACh between young adult females and males with better response in females. GPER activation greatly improved the aortic relaxation of both young adult and middle-aged females, but not the males. CONCLUSIONS: Endothelial dysfunction occurs earlier in males, but in females, dysfunction delays until middle age. GPER activation improves the vascular activities in females, but not males. It is promising to employ GPER as a potential drug target in cardiovascular disease in women.

published proceedings

  • Steroids

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Yu, X., Nguyen, P., Burns, N. C., Heaps, C. L., Stallone, J. N., Sohrabji, F., & Han, G.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Yu, Xuan||Nguyen, Peter||Burns, Nioka C||Heaps, Cristine L||Stallone, John N||Sohrabji, Farida||Han, Guichun

publication date

  • January 2022