Shape memory alloy (SMA) pipe couplers use the shape memory effect to apply a contact pressure onto the surface of the pipes to be coupled. In the current research, an SMA pipe coupler is designed, fabricated and tested. The thermally induced contact pressure depends on several factors such as the dimensions and properties of the coupler-pipe system. An in-house developed NiTi alloy system is considered for the coupler. The coupling pressure is measured using strain gages mounted on the internal surface of an elastic steel ring. Thermal actuation response of the coupler is determined under both stressed and stress-free conditions. In addition, the state of anisotropy is investigated in the coupler by characterizing samples in the longitudinal and transverse directions. Unlike the commercially available NiTiNb couplers, the NiTi coupler demonstrates a multiple actuation response and higher contact pressure. The state of anisotropy is investigated in the couplers by characterizing samples in the longitudinal and transverse directions. The results show no change in transformation temperatures with respect to two perpendicular transverse and longitudinal directions, however, the material can undergo higher transformation strains in the longitudinal direction.