Controller synthesis for sign-invariant impulse response
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In this note, we consider the problem of designing controllers for discrete-time linear time-invariant (LTI) plants that render the closed-loop impulse response nonnegative. Such systems have a nonundershooting and nonovershooting step response. We first show that the impulse response of any discrete-time LTI system changes sign at least "r" times if it has "r" real, positive zeros outside a circular disk centered at the origin and containing all its poles. We then show that a necessary and sufficient condition on the plant for the existence of a compensator that makes the closed loop impulse response sign invariant is that there be no real, positive, nonminimum phase plant zeros. Finally, we show, by construction, how such a compensator may be synthesized when the plant does satisfy the existence condition.