Modeling Electrochemical Decomposition of Fluoroethylene Carbonate on Silicon Anode Surfaces in Lithium Ion Batteries
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Fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) shows promise as an electrolyte additive for improving passivating solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) films on silicon anodes used in lithium ion batteries (LIB). We apply density functional theory (DFT), ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD), and quantum chemistry techniques to examine excess-electron-induced FEC molecular decomposition mechanisms that lead to FEC-modified SEI. We consider one- and two-electron reactions using cluster models and explicit interfaces between liquid electrolyte and model Lix Siy surfaces, respectively. FEC is found to exhibit more varied reaction pathways than unsubstituted ethylene carbonate. The initial bond-breaking events and products of one- and two-electron reactions are qualitatively similar, with a fluoride ion detached in both cases. However, most one-electron products are charge-neutral, not anionic, and may not coalesce to form effective Li+-conducting SEI unless they are further reduced or take part in other reactions. The implications of these reactions to silicon-anode based LIB are discussed. 2013 The Electrochemical Society. All rights reserved.
JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY
author list (cited authors)
Leung, K., Rempe, S. B., Foster, M. E., Ma, Y., del la Hoz, J., Sai, N. a., & Balbuena, P. B.
complete list of authors
Leung, Kevin||Rempe, Susan B||Foster, Michael E||Ma, Yuguang||del la Hoz, Julibeth M Martinez||Sai, Na||Balbuena, Perla B