In situ measurements of nitric oxide in coal-combustion exhaust using a sensor based on a widely tunable external-cavity GaN diode laser. Academic Article uri icon


  • A diode-laser-based sensor has been developed to measure nitric oxide mole fractions using absorption spectroscopy. The sensor is based on sum-frequency mixing of a 395 nm external-cavity diode laser (ECDL) and a 532 nm laser in a beta-barium-borate crystal. Using a new tuning scheme, the GaN ECDL wavelength was modulated over 90 GHz without mode hops. The sensor was applied for measurements of the NO mole fraction in the exhaust of a laboratory-scale, 30 kW(t) coal-fired boiler burner. Absorption measurements were successfully performed despite severe attenuation by scattering from ash particles in the exhaust stream and on the exhaust-section windows. A detection limit (1sigma) of 4.5 ppm m/(square root)Hz at 700 K was demonstrated in coal- combustion exhaust at a maximum detection rate of 5 Hz.

published proceedings

  • Appl Opt

author list (cited authors)

  • Anderson, T. N., Lucht, R. P., Priyadarsan, S., Annamalai, K., & Caton, J. A.

citation count

  • 18

complete list of authors

  • Anderson, Thomas N||Lucht, Robert P||Priyadarsan, Soyuz||Annamalai, Kalyan||Caton, Jerald A

publication date

  • July 2007