Layer-by-Layer Nanoarchitectonics of Electrochemically Active Thin Films Comprised of Radical-Containing Polymers Academic Article uri icon


  • Electroactive coatings based on non-conjugated redox-active polymers have increased in popularity with the development of thin film organic batteries. Control over coating deposition, redox-activity, and ion transport are key to improving their energy storage performance. In this work, the synthesis, solution state electrochemical characterization, and layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of a nitroxide-based polycation and polyanion are presented. Solution state electrochemical characterization indicates that the rate of electron transfer for the nitroxide polyanion is much higher as compared to the nitroxide polycation. LbL thin films of the nitroxide polyanion and nitroxide polycation are assembled, demonstrating linear growth and tunable thickness (28 nm/layer pair). This work confirms that the ion transport mechanism of the LbL films during the redox reaction is influenced depending on the charge of the terminating layer, where the nitroxide polyanion can participate in self-doping, which leads to a contribution from cation transport. The nitroxide polyanion-terminated film also exhibits a higher capacity and a slightly reduced charge transfer resistance. However, it was also observed that a more pronounced capacity fade occurred for the polyanion-terminated film than the polycation-terminated film. Taken together, this highlights how oppositely charged radical-containing polyelectrolytes can form electroactive coatings for possible applications in energy storage or sensing.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3.1

author list (cited authors)

  • Easley, A. D., Shaligram, S. V., Echols, I. J., Nixon, K., Regen, S. L., & Lutkenhaus, J. L.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Easley, Alexandra D||Shaligram, Sayali V||Echols, Ian J||Nixon, Kevin||Regen, Steven L||Lutkenhaus, Jodie L

publication date

  • February 2022