Molecular, physiological and behavioral characterization of the heterozygous Df[h15q13]/+ mouse model associated with the human 15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The human 15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome (DS) is caused by a heterozygous microdeletion (MD) affecting six genes: FAN1; MTMR10; TRPM1; KLF13; OTUD7A; and CHRNA7. Carriers are at risk for intellectual disability, epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder, and schizophrenia. Here we used the Df[h15q13]/+ mouse model with an orthologous deletion to further characterize molecular, neurophysiological, and behavioral parameters that are relevant to the 15q13.3 DS. First, we verified the expression and distribution of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), a gene product of the CHRNA7, in cortical and subcortical areas. Results revealed similar mRNA distribution pattern in wildtype (WT) and heterozygous (Het) mice, with about half the number of α7 nAChR binding sites in mutants. Hippocampal recordings showed similar input/output responses of field excitatory post-synaptic potentials and theta-burst induced long-term potentiation in WT and Het mice. Het males exhibited impaired spatial learning acquisition in the Barnes Maze. Indicative of increased seizure susceptibility, Het mice developed secondary seizures after 6-Hz corneal stimulation, and had significantly increased sensitivity to the chemoconvulsant pentylenetetrazol resulting in increased spiking in hippocampal EEG recordings. Basal mRNA expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor and activity regulated immediate early genes (c-fos, Arc, Erg-1 and Npas4) during adolescence, a critical period of brain maturation, was unaffected by genotype. Thus, the MD did not show gross neuroanatomical, molecular, and neurophysiological abnormalities despite deficits in spatial learning and increased susceptibility to seizures. Altogether, our results verify the phenotypic profile of the heterozygous Df[h15q13]/+ mouse model and underscore its translational relevance for human 15q13.3 DS.

published proceedings

  • Brain Res

altmetric score

  • 3.95

author list (cited authors)

  • Rees, K. A., Halawa, A. A., Consuegra-Garcia, D., Golub, V. M., Clossen, B. L., Tan, A. M., ... Winzer-Serhan, U. H.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Rees, Katherine A||Halawa, Amal A||Consuegra-Garcia, Daisy||Golub, Victoria M||Clossen, Bryan L||Tan, Alexandra M||Montgomery, Karienn S||Samba Reddy, D||Griffith, William H||Winzer-Serhan, Ursula H

publication date

  • November 2020