Leading and lagging: Process safety climate-incident relationships at one year Academic Article uri icon


  • In order to evaluate the leading and lagging effects of process safety climate on incidents, we correlated safety climate survey data with organizational safety records from before and after the survey time period. We obtained data from a large, multinational organization with manufacturing operations involving a number of complex processes, chemicals, and hazardous substances. A total of 7728 employees from 62 sites responded to a safety climate survey in 2007. Individual responses were aggregated to the site-level and matched to site-level organizational records of process safety incidents 1 year before and 1 year after survey administration. Employees' perceptions of good routine housekeeping were significantly related to environmental impact incidents as both a leading and a lagging indicator, as well as fires/explosions and property damage outcomes. Employees' perceptions of systems to prevent backlogs and the extent to which health and safety problems are promptly corrected were also related to environmental releases and fires/explosions. Implications for process safety climate research, organizational survey strategies, and organizational climate change are discussed. 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Payne, S. C., Bergman, M. E., Rodriguez, J. M., Beus, J. M., & Henning, J. B.

citation count

  • 22

complete list of authors

  • Payne, Stephanie C||Bergman, Mindy E||Rodriguez, Jennifer M||Beus, Jeremy M||Henning, Jaime B

publication date

  • January 2010