Sex and ethnicity as moderators in the sexual harassment phenomenon: a revision and test of Fitzgerald et al. (1994). Academic Article uri icon


  • Fitzgerald, Hulin, and Drasgow (1994) proposed that personal vulnerability characteristics (such as sex and ethnicity) would moderate the effect of sexual harassment on its outcomes. This paper argues that personal vulnerability characteristics instead moderate the effect of organizational sexual harassment climate on sexual harassment because of their role as identity markers within social hierarchies. Using a sample of nearly 8,000 male and female military personnel from four ethnicity groups, the proposition that organizational climate differentially affects sexual harassment frequency across sex and ethnicity was evaluated. Results suggested that sex is an important moderator of these relationships, but that ethnicity is not. Further, sex and ethnicity were not found to moderate the effect of sexual harassment on its outcomes. Potential generalizability of these results to other types of harassment (e.g., racial harassment, bullying), as well as needed future research in this area, is discussed.

published proceedings

  • J Occup Health Psychol

author list (cited authors)

  • Bergman, M. E., & Henning, J. B

citation count

  • 36

complete list of authors

  • Bergman, Mindy E||Henning, Jaime B

publication date

  • April 2008