Cryptosporidium parvum Elongation Factor 1 Participates in the Formation of Base Structure at the Infection Site During Invasion. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium is a genus of apicomplexan parasites, the causative agents of cryptosporidiosis in humans and/or animals. Although most apicomplexans parasitize within the host cell cytosols, Cryptosporidium resides on top of host cells, but it is embraced by a double-layer parasitophorous vacuole membrane derived from host cell. There is an electron-dense band to separate the parasite from host cell cytoplasm, making it as an intracellular but extracytoplasmic parasite. However, little is known on the molecular machinery at the host cell-parasite interface. METHODS: Cryptosporidium parvum at various developmental stages were obtained by infecting HCT-8 cells cultured in vitro. Immunofluorescence assay was used to detect CpEF1 with a polyclonal antibody and host cell F-actin with rhodamine-phalloidin. Recombinant CpEF1 protein was used to evaluate its effect on the invasion by the parasite. RESULTS: We discovered that a C parvum translation elongation factor 1 (CpEF1) was discharged from the invading sporozoites into host cells, forming a crescent-shaped patch that fully resembles the electron-dense band. At the same time, host cell F-actin aggregated to form a globular-shaped plug beneath the CpEF1 patch. The CpEF1 patch remained for most of the time but became weakened and dissolved upon the completion of the invasion process. In addition, recombinant CpEF1 protein could effectively interfere the invasion of sporozoites into host cells. CONCLUSIONS: CpEF1 plays a role in the parasite invasion by participating in the formation of electron-dense band at the base of the parasite infection site.

published proceedings

  • J Infect Dis

author list (cited authors)

  • Yu, X., Guo, F., Mouneimne, R. B., & Zhu, G.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Yu, Xue||Guo, Fengguang||Mouneimne, Rola Barhoumi||Zhu, Guan

publication date

  • January 2020