Nck adapter proteins promote podosome biogenesis facilitating extracellular matrix degradation and cancer invasion.
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BACKGROUND: Podosomes are membrane-bound adhesive structures formed by actin remodeling. They are capable of extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, which is a prerequisite for cancer cell invasion and metastasis. The signaling mechanism of podosome formation is still unknown in cancer. We previously reported that Nck adaptors regulate directional cell migration and endothelial lumen formation by actin remodeling, while deficiency of Nck reduces cancer metastasis. This study evaluated the role of Nck adaptors in podosome biogenesis and cancer invasion. METHODS: This study was conducted in vitro using both healthy cells (HumanUmbilicalVeinEndothelialCell, 3T3 fibroblasts) and cancer cells (prostate cancer cell line; PC3, breast cancer cell line; MDA-MB-231). Confocal and TIRF imaging of cells expressing GreenFluorescenceProtein (GFP) mutant under altered levels of Nck or downstream of kinase 1 (Dok1) was used to evaluate the podosome formation and fluorescent gelatin matrix degradation. Levels of Nck in human breast carcinoma tissue sections were detected by immune histochemistry using Nck polyclonal antibody. Biochemical interaction of Nck/Dok1 was detected in podosome forming cells using immune precipitation and far-western blotting. RESULTS: This study demonstrates that ectopic expression of Nck1 and Nck2 can induce the endothelial podosome formation in vitro. Nck silencing by short-hairpin RNA blocked podosome biogenesis and ECM degradation in cSrc-Y530F transformed endothelial cells in this study. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed the Nck overexpression in human breast carcinoma tissue sections. Immunoprecipitation and far-western blotting revealed the biochemical interaction of Nck/p62Dok in podosome forming cells. CONCLUSIONS: Nck adaptors in interaction with Dok1 induce podosome biogenesis and ECM degradation facilitating cancer cell invasion, and therefore a bona fide target of cancer therapy.
author list (cited authors)
Chaki, S. P., Barhoumi, R., & Rivera, G. M.
complete list of authors
Chaki, Sankar P||Barhoumi, Rola||Rivera, Gonzalo M