Review on Bile Acids: Effects of the Gut Microbiome, Interactions with Dietary Fiber, and Alterations in the Bioaccessibility of Bioactive Compounds.
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Bile acids are cholesterol-derived steroid molecules that serve various metabolic functions, particularly in the digestion of lipids. Gut microbes produce unconjugated and secondary bile acids through deconjugation and dehydroxylation reactions, respectively. Alterations in the gut microbiota have profound effects on bile acid metabolism, which can result in the development of gastrointestinal and metabolic diseases. Emerging research shows that diets rich in dietary fiber have substantial effects on the microbiota and human health. Plant-based foods are primary sources of bioactive compounds and dietary fiber, which are metabolized by microbes to produce different metabolites. However, the bioaccessibility of these compounds are not well-defined. In this review, we discuss the interaction of bile acids with dietary fiber, the gut microbiota, and their role in the bioaccessibility of bioactive compounds. To understand the possible mechanism by which bile acids bind fiber, molecular docking was performed between different dietary fiber and bile salts.
author list (cited authors)
Singh, J., Metrani, R., Shivanagoudra, S. R., Jayaprakasha, G. K., & Patil, B. S.
complete list of authors
Singh, Jashbir||Metrani, Rita||Shivanagoudra, Siddanagouda R||Jayaprakasha, Guddadarangavvanahally K||Patil, Bhimanagouda S