Contract Specificity, Contract Violation, and Relationship Performance in International BuyerSupplier Relationships Academic Article uri icon


  • This work examines contractual governance in international buyersupplier relationships by investigating the linkages between contract specificity, contract violation, and relationship performance as well as the roles of contract monitoring and a country's institutional factors (i.e., country business risk and country globalization). The findings, based on a survey of international buyersupplier relationships, provide new insights into a contract specificity contract violation relationship performance model. For example, the results indicate that contract specificity is not directly related to contract violation but, rather, that country-level factors moderate the effectiveness of contract specificity (i.e., contract specificity is more effective in suppressing an international buyer's contract violation if the buyer is from a country characterized by low business risk or high country globalization). The results also demonstrate that contract monitoring can mitigate the negative association between contract violation and relationship performance.

published proceedings

  • Journal of International Marketing

author list (cited authors)

  • Griffith, D. A., & Zhao, Y.

citation count

  • 59

complete list of authors

  • Griffith, David A||Zhao, Yanhui

publication date

  • September 2015