Cryogenic optomechanics with a Si3N4membrane and classical laser noise Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We demonstrate a cryogenic optomechanical system comprising a flexible Si3N4 membrane placed at the center of a free-space optical cavity in a 400 mK cryogenic environment. We observe a mechanical quality factor Q > 4 106 for the 261 kHz fundamental drum-head mode of the membrane, and a cavity resonance halfwidth of 60 kHz. The optomechanical system therefore operates in the resolved sideband limit. We monitor the membrane's thermal motion using a heterodyne optical circuit capable of simultaneously measuring both of the mechanical sidebands, and find that the observed optical spring and damping quantitatively agree with theory. The mechanical sidebands exhibit a Fano lineshape, and to explain this we develop a theory describing heterodyne measurements in the presence of correlated classical laser noise. Finally, we discuss the use of a passive filter cavity to remove classical laser noise, and consider the future requirements for laser cooling this relatively large and low-frequency mechanical element to very near its quantum mechanical ground state. IOP Publishing and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.

published proceedings

  • New Journal of Physics

author list (cited authors)

  • Jayich, A. M., Sankey, J. C., Brkje, K., Lee, D., Yang, C., Underwood, M., ... Harris, J.

complete list of authors

  • Jayich, AM||Sankey, JC||Børkje, K||Lee, D||Yang, C||Underwood, M||Childress, L||Petrenko, A||Girvin, SM||Harris, JGE

publication date

  • January 1, 2012 11:11 AM