The outbreak that changed meat and poultry inspection systems worldwide Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2018 American Society of Animal Science. • In the early 1990s, meat and poultry inspection was slowly evolving away from a visual inspection system to one based on risk. • Implementation of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points was moving toward the "raw" side of the system, on a voluntary, but slow basis. • In 1992, the United States had not implemented standardized systems to train government or industry personnel on the use of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points. • The 1993 Jack-in-the Box outbreak changed it all!.

altmetric score

  • 8.93

author list (cited authors)

  • Murano, E. A., Cross, H. R., & Riggs, P. K.

citation count

  • 3

publication date

  • September 2018