The outbreak that changed meat and poultry inspection systems worldwide. Academic Article uri icon


  • 2018 American Society of Animal Science. In the early 1990s, meat and poultry inspection was slowly evolving away from a visual inspection system to one based on risk. Implementation of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points was moving toward the "raw" side of the system, on a voluntary, but slow basis. In 1992, the United States had not implemented standardized systems to train government or industry personnel on the use of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points. The 1993 Jack-in-the Box outbreak changed it all!.

published proceedings

  • Anim Front

altmetric score

  • 25.93

author list (cited authors)

  • Murano, E. A., Cross, H. R., & Riggs, P. K.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Murano, Elsa A||Cross, H Russell||Riggs, Penny K

publication date

  • October 2018