Mixing Evaluation of a Passive Scaled-Up Serpentine Micromixer With Slanted Grooves Academic Article uri icon


  • A novel, passive, scaled-up micromixer based on fluid rotation is proposed and evaluated experimentally and numerically over Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.5 to 100. Flow visualization is employed to qualitatively assess flow patterns, while induced fluorescence is used to quantify species distribution at five locations along the channel length. Two individual fluids are supplied to the test section via a Y-inlet. The fluid enters a meandering channel with four semicircular portions, each of which is lined with nine slanted grooves at the bottom surface. The main mixing channel is 3mm wide and 0.75mm deep, with a total length of 155.8mm. Numerical simulations confirm rotation at all investigated Reynolds numbers, and the strength of rotation increases with increasing Reynolds number. Grooves are employed to promote helical flow, while the serpentine channel structure results in the formation of Dean vortices at Re50 (Dean number18.25), where momentum has a more significant effect. A decreasing-increasing trend in the degree of mixing was noted, with an inflection point at Re=5, marking the transition from diffusion dominance to advection dominance. The increase in interfacial surface area is credited with the improved mixing in the advection-dominant regime, while high residence time allowed for significant mass diffusion in the diffusion-dominant regime. Good mixing was achieved at both high and low Reynolds numbers, with a maximum mixing index of 0.90 at Re=100.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Fluids Engineering

author list (cited authors)

  • Cook, K. J., Fan, Y., & Hassan, I.

citation count

  • 29

complete list of authors

  • Cook, Kristina J||Fan, YanFeng||Hassan, Ibrahim

publication date

  • August 2013