A synergistic damage mechanics approach to viscoelastic response of cracked cross-ply laminates Academic Article uri icon


  • A synergistic damage mechanics approach, i.e., a combined continuum damage mechanics (CDM) and micromechanics approach, is developed to characterize the viscoelastic response of cross-ply laminates with transverse cracks. The approach relies upon a second-order tensor-based description of damage wherein the crack opening displacement appears as an explicit function. The time variation of this function is calculated by micromechanics and is inserted into the continuum damage formulation. The relaxation moduli calculated for fixed states of damage (transverse crack density) by this approach agree well with independently calculated values by a CDM approach and finite element model.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Varna, J., Krasnikovs, A. I., Kumar, R. S., & Talreja, R.

citation count

  • 19

complete list of authors

  • Varna, J||Krasnikovs, AI||Kumar, RS||Talreja, R

publication date

  • January 2004