Effect of palatable diet on growth, caloric intake and endocrine-metabolic profile in weanling rats with dorsomedial hypothalamic lesions. Academic Article uri icon


  • Weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats received bilateral electrolytic lesions in the dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei (DMNL rats); sham-operated rats served as controls. All animals were fed lab chow for 15 postoperative days. At that time they were subdivided into two groups each. One DMNL and one control group continued to be fed lab chow until the termination of the experiment on postoperative day 116. A second DMNL and control group were fed a high-fat diet and 32% sucrose solution (HF/SS diet). All DMNL rats showed reduced body weight and linear growth, but the HF/SS diet depressed these parameters further below the levels of the chow-fed groups. Both DMNL and control rats fed HF/SS had more carcass fat, heavier epididymal fat pads, more carcass fat per calories eaten, higher plasma levels of glucose, glycerol and free fatty acids but lower insulin levels than chow-fed DMNL rats and controls. This occurred in the face of lower body weights and caloric intake. Neither growth hormone nor insulin showed lesion effects. Rats with DMNL exhibited the same inverse relationship between plasma insulin and free fatty acids as controls. The data indicate that DMNL rats respond to the HF/SS diet essentially like sham-operated controls, i.e., they develop dietary obesity. Although they do show some small deficits, their lipogenic capacity is actually significantly greater than that of HF/SS-diet fed controls.

published proceedings

  • Appetite

author list (cited authors)

  • Bernardis, L. L., & Bellinger, L. L.

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Bernardis, LL||Bellinger, LL

publication date

  • January 1986