Hydrotropic extraction of bioactive limonin from sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) seeds Academic Article uri icon


  • Limonoids are potential bioactive compounds present only in citrus among fruits and vegetables. A new process for extraction of limonoid aglycones from sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) seeds was investigated using aqueous hydrotropic solutions. The extraction efficiency was dependent on hydrotrope concentration, extraction temperature and percent of raw material loaded. Two hydrotropes such as sodium salicylate (Na-Sal) and sodium cumene sulphonate (Na-CuS) were studied using Box-Behnken experiment design. Response surface analysis (RSA) of data was performed to study the effect of parameters on extraction efficiency. Prominent limonoid aglycone such as limonin was extracted and quantified for process optimization. Both hydrotropes gave maximum limonin yield at 2 M concentration, extraction temperature of 45 °C and 10% solid loading. A maximum limonin yield of 0.65 mg/g seeds was obtained using Na-CuS whereas only 0.46 mg/g seed was obtained using Na-Sal. Using this process, the use of organic solvents can be reduced dramatically to keep the process environmental friendly for the extraction of bioactive compounds.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Dandekar, D. V., Jayaprakasha, G. K., & Patil, B. S.

citation count

  • 57

complete list of authors

  • Dandekar, Deepak V||Jayaprakasha, GK||Patil, Bhmanagouda S

publication date

  • August 2008