Optimized method for the quantification of pyruvic acid in onions by microplate reader and confirmation by high resolution mass spectra. Academic Article uri icon


  • The present study describes the rapid microplate method to determine pyruvic acid content in different varieties of onions. Onion juice was treated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine to obtain hydrazone, which was further treated with potassium hydroxide to get stable colored complex. The stability of potassium complex was enhanced up to two hours and the structures of hydrazones were confirmed by LC-MS for the first time. The developed method was optimized by testing different bases, acids with varying concentrations of dinitrophenyl hydrazine to get stable color and results were comparable to developed method. Repeatability and precision showed <9% relative standard deviation. Moreover, sweet onion juice was stored for four weeks at different temperatures for the stability; the pyruvate remained stable at all temperatures except at 25°C. Thus, the developed method has good potential to determine of pungency in large number of onions in a short time using minimal amount of reagents.

published proceedings

  • Food Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Metrani, R., Jayaprakasha, G. K., & Patil, B. S.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Metrani, Rita||Jayaprakasha, GK||Patil, Bhimanagouda S

publication date

  • March 2018