Culture Predicts Mexican Americans' College Self-Efficacy and College Performance Academic Article uri icon


  • In hopes of promoting college success among Mexican Americans, researchers have identified factors related to their academic performance. A gap in the literature exists between the interactive role of acculturation, enculturation, and generation status in predicting college self-efficacy and college performance (grade-point average, or GPA). To fill this void, this study investigated the relation of demographic variables (e.g., age, gender, socioeconomic status) and cultural variables (e.g., acculturation, enculturation, generation status) on academic outcomes (e.g., college self-efficacy, college performance) among 408 Mexican-American college students. Results of a series of hierarchical regression analyses indicated socioeconomic status, generation status, enculturation, and acculturation had significant positive effects on college self-efficacy; socioeconomic status and the interaction of higher enculturation and first-generation status were positively and significantly related to GPA. Post-hoc analyses indicated college self-efficacy predicted college performance for students who were second generation and beyond. Implications for research and practice are discussed. 2011 National Association of Diversity Officers in Higher Education.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Aguayo, D., Herman, K., Ojeda, L., & Flores, L. Y.

citation count

  • 35

complete list of authors

  • Aguayo, David||Herman, Keith||Ojeda, Lizette||Flores, Lisa Y

publication date

  • January 2011