Effect of Wheel Slip in the Coordination of Wheeled Mobile Robots
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© IFAC. Motion coordination of differential drive robots with wheel slip is considered in this work. In applications involving motion coordination of multiple wheeled vehicles, much of the existing work has assumed a pure rolling condition between the wheel and ground while deriving the vehicle dynamics and subsequently in the development of model-based controllers that can achieve and maintain the desired formation of vehicles. Wheel slip is common when using differential drive mobile robots as the orientation of the robot is achieved by commanding a velocity differential between the two driven wheels of the mobile robot. In formations of wheeled mobile robots, to maintain the desired spacing between vehicles, rapid accelerations and decelerations may be needed to maintain the desired spacing between vehicles. In this paper, we assume wheel slip and model the dynamics of each mobile robot with a simple Coulomb friction-based traction force model to distinguish between slip and no-slip conditions. Based on this dynamic model of the mobile robot with wheel slip, a formation controller is developed by limiting the torque to the wheel motors of each robot to avoid slip and achieve and maintain the desired formation. Experiments are conducted with a formation that is a platoon of three wheeled mobile robots. Experimental results are shown and discussed to investigate occurrence of wheel slip and its effect on coordination.
author list (cited authors)
Konduri, S., Orlando, E., Torres, C., & Pagilla, P. R.