Experimental Identification of Dynamic Force Coefficients for a 110 MM Compliantly Damped Hybrid Gas Bearing
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Copyright © 2015 by ASME. Compliant hybrid gas bearings (HGBs) combine key enabling features from both fixed geometry externally pressurized gas bearings and compliant foil bearings. The compliant hybrid bearing relies on both hydrostatic and hydrodynamic film pressures to generate load capacity and stiffness to the rotor system, while providing damping through integrally mounted metal mesh bearing support dampers. This paper presents experimentally identified force coefficients for a 110 mm compliantly damped gas bearing using a controlled-motion test rig. Test parameters include hydrostatic inlet pressure, excitation frequency, and rotor speed. The experiments were structured to evaluate the feasibility of implementing these bearings in large size turbomachinery. Dynamic test results indicate weak dependency of equivalent direct stiffness coefficients to most test parameters except for frequency and speed, where higher speeds and excitation frequency decreased equivalent bearing stiffness values. The bearing system equivalent direct damping was negatively impacted by increased inlet pressure and excitation frequency, while the cross-coupled force coefficients showed values an order of magnitude lower than the direct coefficients. The experiments also include orbital excitations to simulate unbalance response representative of a target machine while synchronously traversing a critical speed. The results indicate the gas bearing can accommodate vibration levels larger than the set bore clearance while maintaining satisfactory damping levels.
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