Women and racial minorities in the boardroom: How do directors differ? Academic Article uri icon


  • In this paper, we examine how the attributes of female and racial minority directors differ from those of white males. We track a sample of white male, white female, African-American female and African-American male directors who serve on Fortune 1000 boards and find differences in occupational background, education, and patterns of board affiliation. Female and African-American directors are more likely to come from non-business backgrounds, are more likely to hold advanced degrees, and join multiple boards at a faster rate than white male directors.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 35

author list (cited authors)

  • Hillman, A. J., Cannella, A. A., & Harris, I. C.

citation count

  • 511

complete list of authors

  • Hillman, AJ||Cannella, AA||Harris, IC

publication date

  • December 2002