LumiNOC: A Power-Efficient, High-Performance, Photonic Network-on-Chip
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To meet energy-efficient performance demands, the computing industry has moved to parallel computer architectures, such as chip multiprocessors (CMPs), internally interconnected via networks-on-chip (NoC) to meet growing communication needs. Achieving scaling performance as core counts increase to the hundreds in future CMPs, however, will require high performance, yet energy-efficient interconnects. Silicon nanophotonics is a promising replacement for electronic on-chip interconnect due to its high bandwidth and low latency, however, prior techniques have required high static power for the laser and ring thermal tuning. We propose a novel nano-photonic NoC (PNoC) architecture, LumiNOC, optimized for high performance and power-efficiency. This paper makes three primary contributions: a novel, nanophotonic architecture which partitions the network into subnets for better efficiency; a purely photonic, in-band, distributed arbitration scheme; and a channel sharing arrangement utilizing the same waveguides and wavelengths for arbitration as data transmission. In a 64-node NoC under synthetic traffic, LumiNOC enjoys 50% lower latency at low loads and ~40% higher throughput per Watt on synthetic traffic, versus other reported PNoCs. LumiNOC reduces latencies ~40% versus an electrical 2-D mesh NoCs on the PARSEC shared-memory, multithreaded benchmark suite. 1982-2012 IEEE.