- A qualitative methodology, grounded theory, was used to examine the thoughts and emotions of teachers who delivered test feedback to students. The goal of this study was to develop a conceptual model of test-feedback processes thatwas grounded in observational and interview data.Seven college teachers were interviewed and observed as they planned and conducted testfeedbacksessions. During the test-feedback sessions, these teachers experienced a variety of negative emotions when they encountered challenges from students in the classroom. Strategies developed by these teachers rejected their attempts to organize test feedback in ways that were consistent with their goals and beliefs, but that also limited their negative emotions and stress during thefeedback session. These findings are discussed in terms of their contribution to existing research on teachers interactive thought and emotion and on the ways that teachers cope with stress in the classroom. 1998 Taylor & Francis Ltd.