Children's motivation in elementary physical education: an expectancy-value model of achievement choice.
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This study examined children's motivation in elementary physical education within an expectancy-value model developed by Eccles and her colleagues. Four hundred fourteen students in second and fourth grades completed questionnaires assessing their expectancy-related beliefs, subjective task values, and intention for future participation in physical education. Results indicated that expectancy-related beliefs and subjective task values were clearly distinguishable from one another across physical education and throwing. The two constructs were related to each other positively. Children's intention for future participation in physical education was positively associated with their subjective task values and/or expectancy-related beliefs. Younger children had higher motivation for learning in physical education than older children. Gender differences emerged and the findings provided empirical evidence supporting the validity of the expectancy-value model in elementary physical education.
author list (cited authors)
Xiang, P., McBride, R., Guan, J., & Solmon, M.
complete list of authors
Xiang, Ping||McBride, Ron||Guan, Jianmin||Solmon, Melinda