Effect of Cross‐Linked Resistant Starch on Wheat Tortilla Quality Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Resistant starch (RS) ingredients are an attractive option to increase dietary fiber in baked products. This study determined the effect of two forms of cross-linked and pregelatinized cross-linked RS, Fibersym-RW (Fsym) or FiberRite-RW (FRite), respectively, from wheat on dough and tortilla quality and acceptability. Refined wheat tortillas with 0% (control) to 15% RS (flour basis) were made using a standard baking process. Tortillas with 100% whole white wheat were also made. Physical and rheological properties of dough and tortillas, and sensory profile of tortillas were evaluated. Dough with whole wheat and 15% FRite were significantly harder and less extensible than the control dough; this was related to high water absorption of these doughs. Tortillas with whole wheat and 10-15% FRite were less puffed and denser than the control; however these levels of FRite significantly increased tortilla weight (by up to 6.2%). Dough and tortillas with Fsym were comparable to the control. Dietary fiber (g/100 g, db) increased from 2.8 ± 0.3 in control to 14.3 ± 0.5 and 13.6 ± 0.5 in 15% Fsym and 15% FRite tortillas, respectively. Tortillas with whole wheat were less acceptable than the control in appearance, flavor, and texture, while tortillas with 15% Fsym had higher overall acceptability than the control. Incorporation of 15% cross-linked wheat RS to increase tortilla dietary fiber is feasible without negatively affecting dough handling and tortilla quality. © 2010 AACC International, Inc.

author list (cited authors)

  • Alviola, J. N., Jondiko, T., & Awika, J. M.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Alviola, JN||Jondiko, T||Awika, JM

publication date

  • May 2010

publisher