Simultaneous driver sizing and buffer insertion using a delay penalty estimation technique
Additional Document Info
To achieve timing closure in a placed design, buffer insertion and driver sizing are two of the most effective transforms that can be applied. Since the driver-sizing solution and the buffer-insertion solution affect each other, suboptimal solutions may result if these techniques are applied sequentially instead of simultaneously. We show how to simply extend van Ginneken's buffer-insertion algorithm to simultaneously incorporate driver sizing and introduce the idea of a delay penalty to encapsulate the effect of driver sizing on the previous stage. The delay penalty can be pre-computed efficiently via dynamic programming. Experimental results show that using driver sizing with a delay-penalty function obtains designs with superior timing and area characteristics.