The Mutual Symbiosis Between Inclusive Bi-lingual Education and Multicultural Education Academic Article uri icon


  • In this article the authors postulate a mutual symbiosis between multicultural and inclusive bi-lingual education. Combining bi-lingual and multicultural education to create a symbiotic relationship can stimulate reform in schools and can promote inclusive educational systems, thereby keeping native languages and cultures alive for minority students and enhancing native English speakers' language and cultural understandings. 2011 by the National Association for Multicultural Education.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Irby, B. J., Tong, F., & Lara-Alecio, R.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Irby, Beverly J||Tong, Fuhui||Lara-Alecio, Rafael

publication date

  • January 2011