Impact dampers (IDs) provide an effective, economical, and retrofittable solution to the vibration problem in several engineering applications. An ID typically consists of a single or multiple masses constrained between two or more stops and attached to a primary system to be controlled. The latest developed type in the IDs family is the linear particle chain (LPC) ID. It consists of a linear arrangement of two sizes of freely moving masses, constrained by two stops. The high number of impacts among the damper masses leads to rapid energy dissipation compared to the common IDs. This paper presents an experimental study on the effectiveness of the LPC ID in reducing the vibrations of a single degree-of-freedom (SDOF) frame structure under different shock excitations. Prototypes of the LPC and conventional IDs with different geometric parameters are fabricated. The structure is excited by either an impact at the top floor or pulses at its base. The damping effect of the LPC ID is compared with that of conventional IDs. The experimental outcomes clearly show that the LPC ID can effectively reduce the response of simple structures under shock excitation. Additional investigations are conducted to examine the LPC ID sensitivity to the main damper parameters, such as the chain length, damper mass ratio, and damper clearance.